From the Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, California.
Accepted for publication August 2, 2022.
Funding: Support was provided solely from institutional and/or departmental sources. The equipment was loaned from the research group of Dr. Flood, and the participant gift cards were provided by the Stanford University Department of Anesthesia Peer Support and Resilience in Medicine (PRIME) project grant.
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal’s website.
This study was presented virtually at the California Society of Anesthesiology Research Day June 13, 2020, and at the International Anesthesia Research Society Meeting on March 18, 2022.
Reprints will not be available from the authors.
Clinical Trial Registration: NCT05043038.
Address correspondence to Alexandra Ruan, MD, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative, and Pain Medicine, Stanford University, 300 Pasteur Dr, Palo Alto, CA 94305. Address e-mail to [email protected].