From the *Department of Anesthesiology, NorthShore University HealthSystem, University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, Evanston, Illinois
†Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain Management, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, New York
‡Department of Anesthesiology, Hospital for Special Surgery, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, New York
§Departments of Quantitative Health Sciences and Outcomes Research, Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine at Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio.
Accepted for publication September 4, 2019.
Conflicts of Interest: See Disclosures at the end of the article.
Reprints will not be available from the authors.
Address correspondence to Glenn S. Murphy, MD, Department of Anesthesiology, NorthShore University HealthSystem, 2650 Ridge Ave, Evanston, IL 60201. Address e-mail to email@example.com.