Department of Anesthesia, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, Dexter@UIowa.edu
Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative Medicine and Pain Management, University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida
Department of Anesthesiology, Sidney Kimmel Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Published ahead of print 26 September 2018.
Funding: Institutional and/or departmental.
Conflicts of Interest: The Division of Management Consulting, Department of Anesthesia, University of Iowa, performed relevant studies for Baxter and Merck, the most recent 6 years ago. All funds were paid to the department. As Director of the Division of Management Consulting, F.D. receives no funds personally other than his salary and allowable expense reimbursements from the University of Iowa and has tenure with no incentive program. He and his family have no financial holdings in any company related to his work, other than indirectly through mutual funds for retirement. Income from the Division’s consulting work is used to fund Division research. The same disclosure applied when the referenced studies were performed.