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Intraoperative Evaluation of Paravalvular Regurgitation by Transesophageal Echocardiography

Konoske, Ryan MD; Whitener, George MD; Nicoara, Alina MD, FASE

doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000000787
Cardiovascular Anesthesiology: Echo Didactics

Supplemental Digital Content is available in the text.

From the Department of Anesthesiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina.

George Whitener, MD, is currently affiliated with Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina.

Accepted for publication February 19, 2015.

Funding: None.

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journals website.

Reprints will not be available from the authors.

Address correspondence to Ryan Konoske, MD, Duke University Medical Center, Box 3094/5688F HAFSDUMC Anesthesiology Erwin Rd., Durham, NC 27710. Address e-mail to

© 2015 International Anesthesia Research Society