Supplemental Digital Content is available in the text.
From the Medical University of South Carolina (S.T.R., A.C.F.); Weill-Cornell Medical College, New York, New York (N.J.S.); Duke University, Durham, North Carolina (M.S.); Brigham’s and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (S.K.S.); Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia (W.S.W., K.E.G.); Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York (R.T.H., J.S.S.); and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (M.S.A.).
The following authors reported relationships with one or more commercial interests: Scott T. Reeves, MD, FASE, edited and receives royalties for A Practical Approach to Transesophageal Echocardiography and The Practice of Perioperative Transesophageal Echocardiography: Essential Cases (Wolters Kluwer Health). Kathryn E. Glas, MD, FASE, edited and receives royalties for The Practice of Perioperative Transesophageal Echocardiography: Essential Cases (Wolters Kluwer Health). Stanton K. Shernan, MD, FASE, has served as a lecturer for Philips Healthcare, Inc., and is an editor for e-Echocardiography.com. All other authors reported no actual or potential conflicts of interest in relation to this document.
Members of the Councils on Perioperative Echocardiography are listed in the Appendix.
Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal’s Web site.
This article has been co-published in Anesthesia & Analgesia and the Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography.