From the *Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care & Pain Management, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, New York;
†Department of Anesthesiology, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, New York;
‡Department of Anesthesia, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada;
§Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.
Accepted for publication March 30, 2022.
Funding: Research reported in this publication was supported by the Hospital for Special Surgery Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain Management Research and Education Fund and the C.V. Starr Foundation Grant.
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
Reprints will not be available from the authors.
Address correspondence to Bradley H. Lee, MD, Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care & Pain Management, Hospital for Special Surgery, 535 E 70th St, New York, NY 10021. Address e-mail to [email protected].