From the *Department of Anesthesiology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois
†Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative Medicine, and Pain Management, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida.
Accepted for publication November 28, 2022.
Funding: P.T. is supported by grants from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality and National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (R03MD011628 and R18HS026169), the Anesthesia Patient Safety Foundation (APSF), and the Shane Foundation.
Conflicts of Interest: See Disclosures at the end of the article.
The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities, the Anesthesia Patient Safety Foundation, or the Shane Foundation.
Address correspondence to Carmen E. Lopez, MD, Department of Anesthesiology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 251 E Huron St F5-704, Chicago, IL 60611. Address e-mail to [email protected].