From the *Department of Anesthesiology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee
†Department of Anesthesiology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee
‡Department of Anesthesiology, Jackson Memorial Hospital, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida
Department of §Biomedical Informatics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee.
Accepted for publication July 19, 2022.
Published online 13 October 2022.
Funding: R.E.F. receives ongoing support from the NIH—National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS) UL1TR002243. G.L. and R.E.F. receive ongoing support from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) K23HL148640. Other authors receive departmental funding.
Conflicts of Interest: See Disclosures at the end of the article.
Address correspondence to Robert E. Freundlich, MD, MS, MSCI, Department of Anesthesiology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, 1211 21st Ave S Suite MAB 422F, Nashville, TN 37212. Address e-mail to [email protected].