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Consensus Statement by the Congenital Cardiac Anesthesia Society: Milestones for the Pediatric Cardiac Anesthesia Fellowship

Nasr, Viviane, G., MD*; Guzzetta, Nina, A., MD, FAAP; Miller-Hance, Wanda, C., MD; Twite, Mark, MD§; Latham, Gregory, J., MD; Zabala, Luis, MD; Nicolson, Susan, C., MD#; Mossad, Emad, B., MD; DiNardo, James, A., MD, FAAP*

doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000002482
Pediatric Anesthesiology: Special Article

Pediatric cardiac anesthesiology has evolved as a subspecialty of both pediatric and cardiac anesthesiology and is devoted to caring for individuals with congenital heart disease ranging in age from neonates to adults. Training in pediatric cardiac anesthesia is a second-year fellowship with variability in both training duration and content and is not accredited by the Accreditation Council on Graduate Medical Education. Consequently, in this article and based on the Accreditation Council on Graduate Medical Education Milestones Model, an expert panel of the Congenital Cardiac Anesthesia Society, a section of the Society of Pediatric Anesthesiology, defines 18 milestones as competency-based developmental outcomes for training in the pediatric cardiac anesthesia fellowship.

Published ahead of print September 14, 2017.

From the *Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Boston Children’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts

Department of Anesthesiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta, Atlanta, Georgia

Division of Cardiovascular Anesthesia, Department of Anesthesiology, Texas Children’s Hospital, Houston, Texas

§Division of Cardiovascular Anesthesia, Department of Anesthesiology, Children’s Hospital Colorado, Aurora, Colorado

Department of Anesthesiology, Seattle Children’s Hospital, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington

Division of Cardiac Anesthesia, Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Management, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas

#Division of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia, Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Published ahead of print September 14, 2017.

Accepted for publication August 14, 2017.

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Reprints will not be available from the authors.

Address correspondence to Viviane G. Nasr, MD, 300 Longwood Ave, Boston Children’s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115. Address e-mail to

© 2018 International Anesthesia Research Society
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