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The Volume of Blood for Epidural Blood Patch in Obstetrics: A Randomized, Blinded Clinical Trial

Paech, Michael J. DM*; Doherty, Dorota A. PhD†,‡; Christmas, Tracey FRCA§; Wong, Cynthia A. MD

doi: 10.1213/ANE.0b013e318218204d
Obstetric Anesthesiology: Research Reports
Chinese Language Editions

BACKGROUND: Our aim in this multinational, multicenter, randomized, blinded trial was to determine the optimum of 3 volumes of autologous blood for an epidural blood patch.

METHODS: Obstetric patients requiring epidural blood patch after unintentional dural puncture during epidural catheter insertion were allocated to receive 15, 20, or 30 mL of blood, stratified for the timing of epidural blood patch and center. Participants were followed for 5 days. The primary study end point was a composite of permanent or partial relief of headache, and secondary end points included permanent relief, partial relief, persisting headache severity, and low back pain during or after the procedure.

RESULTS: One hundred twenty-one women completed the study. The median (interquartile range) volume administered was 15 (15–15), 20 (20–20), and 30 (22–30) mL, with 98%, 81%, and 54% of groups 15, 20, and 30 receiving the allocated volume. Among groups 15, 20, and 30, respectively, the incidence of permanent or partial relief of headache was 61%, 73%, and 67% and that of complete relief of headache was 10%, 32%, and 26%. The 0- to 48-hour area under the curve of headache score versus time was highest in group 15. The incidence of low back pain during or after the epidural blood patch was similar among groups and was of low intensity, although group 15 had the highest postprocedural back pain scores. Serious morbidity was not reported.

CONCLUSIONS: Although the optimum volume of blood remains to be determined, we believe these findings support an attempt to administer 20 mL of autologous blood when treating postdural puncture headache in obstetric patients after unintentional dural puncture.

Published ahead of print May 19, 2011 Supplemental Digital Content is available in the text.

From the *School of Medicine and Pharmacology and School of Women's and Infants' Health, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Australia; Women and Infants Research Foundation, Perth, Australia; §Department of Anaesthesia and Pain Medicine, King Edward Memorial Hospital for Women, Perth, Australia; and Department of Anesthesiology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois.

Tracey Christmas is currently affiliated with Bristol Royal Infirmary, Bristol, United Kingdom.

Funding: The study was funded by a project grant from the Australian Society of Anaesthetists and Abbott Australasia.

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal's Web site (www.anesthesia-analgesia.org).

Reprints will not be available from the authors.

Address correspondence to Michael J. Paech, DM, School of Medicine and Pharmacology, University of Western Australia, Department of Anaesthesia and Pain Medicine, King Edward Memorial Hospital for Women, 374 Bagot Rd., Subiaco WA 6008, Australia. Address e-mail to michael.paech@health.wa.gov.au.

Accepted May 14, 2010

Published ahead of print May 19, 2011

© 2011 International Anesthesia Research Society
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