Lactated Ringer's solution is frequently used to avoid metabolic acidosis during fluid resuscitation. The standard lactated Ringer's solution contains racemic lactate, an equal mixture of the D- and L-stereoisomers. We investigated whether sodium L-lactate or sodium racemic lactate (DL-lactate) is more effective for increasing buffering capacity in body fluids. For the purpose of this comparison, Ringer's solutions containing no lactate, sodium L-lactate, or racemic lactate at a concentration of 84 mEq/L (three times more than the ordinary level) were infused in patients under general anesthesia during tympanoplasty. Although differences occurred among the three groups in blood concentrations of L-lactate, D-lactate, and the L-lactate/pyruvate ratio, no differences occurred between the two lactate groups in either bicarbonate ion concentration or base excess. The amount of buffering capacity increased significantly in both lactate groups, compared with preinfusion levels, and was more than the values in the nonlactated Ringer's solution group. We conclude that sodium racemic lactate is metabolized at nearly the same rate as that of sodium L-lactate.
Address correspondence to Dr. Kuze, Department of Anesthesiology, Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University, 2630 Sugitani, Toyama City, 930–01 Japan.
© 1992 International Anesthesia Research Society