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The Medical Mystery of Napoleon Bonaparte: An Interdisciplinary Expose Erratum

Advances in Anatomic Pathology: May 2011 - Volume 18 - Issue 3 - p 254
doi: 10.1097/PAP.0b013e31821d60c3

In the article “The Medical Mystery of Napoleon Bonaparte: An Interdisciplinary Expose” by Lugli et al,1 which appeared in volume 18 of Advances in Anatomic Pathology on pages 152 to 158, references 41 to 50 were not correctly cited in the text. These references should be cited as follows:

“Thus, Napoleon's clinical course and physical findings are difficult to reconcile with a diagnosis of arsenic poisoning.45

“Another major problem with the arsenic poisoning theory is that it relies entirely on the finding of elevated hair concentration in a sample of Napoleon's hair47–49

“First, an elevated hair arsenic concentration supports the diagnosis of poisoning only if external contamination can be excluded, and this is often not possible.46,50

“Examples of experiments conducted in these laboratories include the detection of very rare events, such as interactions by solar neutrinos, the yet mysterious ‘dark matter’ (particles that could account for a large fraction of the mass of the Universe), or very rare nuclear decays.41,42

“A thermal neutron is captured by a nucleus from the searched element with the consequent emission of a prompt x-ray and the production of a radioactive isotope that is then detected by x-ray spectroscopy.43

“We have used this technique in our searches for uranium and thorium contamination in Roman lead and in copper, reaching a sensitivity of ∼10 to 12 g/g,44

Any citations of these references in the article, other than the ones listed above, are incorrect.

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1. Lugli A, Massimiliano C, Corse PE, et al. The medical mystery of Napoleon Bonaparte: an interdisciplinary expose Adv Anat Pathol.. 2011;18:152–158
© 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.