Review ArticlesHistorical Advancements and Evolution in Understanding Human Anatomy and Pathology: The Contribution of the Middle AgesRoguin, Alon L.*; Roguin, Ariel MD, PhD†,‡; Roguin, Nathan MD, MA‡Author Information *School for Health Sciences, Ariel University, Ariel †Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, Hadera ‡Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel The authors have no funding or conflicts of interest to disclose. Reprints: Ariel Roguin, MD, PhD, Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion—Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 3810101, Israel (e-mail: [email protected]). Advances In Anatomic Pathology: May 2021 - Volume 28 - Issue 3 - p 171-177 doi: 10.1097/PAP.0000000000000296 Buy Metrics Abstract Dissections and autopsies are critical for understanding human anatomy, pathology, and uncovering mechanisms of disease. This review presents an historical journey from ancient times until the late Middle Ages. The major steps and developments are summarized with key figures and events presented. Copyright © 2021 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.