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Organ Weight Reference Ranges for Ages 0 to 12 Years

Molina, D. Kimberley MD*; Pinneri, Kathy MD; Stash, John A. DO; Li, Ling MD; Vance, Kathryn§; Cross, Caroline MD

The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology: July 3, 2019 - Volume Publish Ahead of Print - Issue - p
doi: 10.1097/PAF.0000000000000481
Original Article: PDF Only

Abnormal organ weights often serve as an indicator of underlying disease or other pathological process making assessment of organ weight a critical part of the autopsy examination and interpretation. Unfortunately, normal organ weights for children are often based on studies done in the 1930s and 1960s. Thus, the present study was designed to accurately assess organ weights in children to establish reference ranges for use in autopsy examinations. A total of 1759 traumatic deaths in children aged 0 to 12 years were reviewed. Analysis revealed that body length was the best predictor for organ weight. Reference ranges were established and stratified by both age and body length.

From the *Bexar County Medical Examiner's Office, San Antonio;

Montgomery County Forensic Sciences, Conroe, TX;

Office of the Chief Medical Examiner, Baltimore, MD;

§Baylor University, Waco, TX; and

Office of the Medical Examiner, Maricopa County, Phoenix, AZ.

Manuscript received January 30, 2019; accepted February 16, 2019.

The authors report no conflict of interest.

Reprints: D. Kimberley Molina, MD, Bexar County Medical Examiner's Office, 7337 Louis Pasteur Dr, San Antonio, TX 78229. E-mail:

© 2019 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.