Illustrated Forensic PathologyDysplastic Pulmonary Valve Infective Endocarditis With an Atrial Septal Defect—A Black Swan Event When Rarity Brings ClarityDesai, Heena M. MD∗; Tapadia II, Ritika MBBS†; Amonkar, Gayathri P. MD, DNB‡ Author Information From the ∗Department of Pathology, Topiwala National Medical College and BYL Nair Ch. Hospital †Topiwala National Medical College and BYL Nair Ch. Hospital ‡Department of Pathology, Topiwala National Medical College and BYL Nair Ch. Hospital, Mumbai, India. The authors report no conflict of interest. Reprints: Desai Heena M, MD, Department of Pathology, Topiwala National Medical College and BYL Nair Ch. Hospital, Dr. A.L. Nair Rd, Mumbai Central, Mumbai-08, Maharashtra, India. E-mail: [email protected]. The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology: October 3, 2022 - Volume - Issue - 10.1097/PAF.0000000000000799 doi: 10.1097/PAF.0000000000000799 Buy PAP Metrics Abstract A case of infective endocarditis of a dysplastic pulmonic valve along with atrial septal defect has been described. Right-sided endocarditis has now increased in frequency because of cardiac invasive procedures and intravenous drug abuse. Although the tricuspid valve usually bears the brunt of right-sided endocarditis, there have now been increasing reports of pulmonary valve infective endocarditis. Copyright © 2022 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.