Case ReportsFirearm Injury From Hunting .30 Caliber Bullet Passing Through an Intermediate Target (Binoculars) A Reconstruction of EventsSmędra, Anna MD, PhD∗,†; Sidelnik, Przemysław MSc‡; Goryca, Wojciech MSc‡; Berent, Jarosław MD, PhD∗Author Information From the ∗Chair and Department of Forensic Medicine, Medical University of Lodz †Faculty of Material Technologies and Textile Design, Institute of Architecture of Textiles, Lodz University of Technology, Łódź ‡Military Institute of Armament Technology, Zielonka, Poland. Manuscript received July 5, 2019; accepted September 10, 2019. The authors report no conflict of interest. Reprints: Anna Smędra, MD, PhD, Chair and Department of Forensic Medicine, Medical University of Lodz, ul. Sędziowska 18a 91-304, Łódź, Poland. E-mail: [email protected]. The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology: December 2020 - Volume 41 - Issue 4 - p 299-304 doi: 10.1097/PAF.0000000000000570 Buy Metrics Abstract This article presents the results of research relating to the ricocheting of hunting ammunition and the application of these results to the investigation of a specific gunshot death, which occurred during a hunt for boars. The scene and autopsy findings revealed that a bullet had first struck a pair of binoculars around the victim's neck before entering his body. As the investigation proceeded, however, questions were raised as to whether the shot was a direct one or a ricochet. The case was thus referred to forensic medicine experts for their opinion. Experiments were conducted, which demonstrated that, although test ammunition could ricochet, the rebound fragments possessed insufficient kinetic energy to pierce the binoculars. On the basis of the experiments, it was determined that the victim had been killed by a direct shot and that the bullet had pierced the intermediate target of the binoculars before entering his body. The possibility of a ricochet producing the injuries found, that is, the victim being struck with a bullet or fragments rebounding from an obstacle, was considered unlikely. Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.