Case ReportsTraumatic Decapitation of the Fetus During Birth Criminalistic and Forensic AspectsVojtíšek, Tomáš PhD∗; Pohlová Kučerová, Štěpánka MD†; Duchaňová, Svatava MD∗; Krajsa, Jan PhD∗; Hejna, Petr Prof.†Author Information From the ∗Department of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk University, St. Anne's Faculty Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic †Department of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine in Hradec Králové, Charles University, University Hospital Hradec Králové, Czech Republic. Manuscript received February 23, 2020; accepted March 28, 2020. Reprints: Štěpánka Pohlová Kučerová, MD, Department of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine in Hradec Králové, Charles University, University Hospital Hradec Králové, Sokolská 581, 500 05, Hradec, Králové, Czech Republic. E-mail: [email protected]. The authors report no conflict of interest. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7858-4972. The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology: September 2020 - Volume 41 - Issue 3 - p 234-237 doi: 10.1097/PAF.0000000000000556 Buy Metrics Abstract Serious intrapartum fetal injuries are unfortunate events that confer severe consequences on medical personnel. Most birth traumas are noncritical and resolve for a few days. Permanent effects or fatal outcomes occur infrequently. We report an unusual case of intrapartum complete fetal decapitation. The labor was complicated by shoulder dystocia, with resultant repeated mechanical trauma to the fetal neck and, finally, decapitation. The tragic results of biological processes in human organisms do not automatically confirm medical malpractice. However, there may be grave ethical and forensic outcomes. Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.