Original ArticlesThe Unique and Misunderstood Wound Ballistics in the John F. Kennedy AssassinationHaag, Lucien C. BSAuthor Information From the Forensic Science Services Inc, Carefree, Arizona. Manuscript received January 23, 2019; accepted June 25, 2019. The author reports no conflict of interest. Reprints: Lucien C. Haag, BS, Forensic Science Services Inc, Carefree, AZ 85377. E-mail: [email protected]. The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology: December 2019 - Volume 40 - Issue 4 - p 336-346 doi: 10.1097/PAF.0000000000000510 Buy Metrics Abstract President Kennedy sustained 2 gunshot wounds on November 22, 1963, in Dallas, Texas, while riding in the right-rear seat of the presidential limousine. The convertible top was down, and no special ballistic protection for the occupants was present. The ballistic events in the assassination and subsequent ballistic evidence were not fully understood then and continue to be misunderstood and often misrepresented today. These facts are largely the consequence of the very uncommon wound ballistic properties of the 6.5-mm Carcano bullets associated with the President's gunshot wounds and the visual responses of the President to his 2 gunshot wounds so often viewed in the 8-mm Zapruder film. An understanding of the wound ballistic characteristics associated with the John F. Kennedy assassination also applies to certain contemporary bullets. Such an understanding could assist forensic pathologists in future cases in evaluating and correctly interpreting gunshot wounds associated with these types of bullets. Copyright © 2019 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.