CME ArticlesPattern of Female Sexual Assault in Qalyubia Governorate, Egypt, During the Period From 2009 to 2013 A Retrospective StudySharaf El-Din, Abeer A.I. MD*; Elkholy, Shereen M.S. MD*; Metwally, Eslam S. MD*; Farag, Hesham A. MD†Author Information From the *Department of Forensic Medicine and Clinical Toxicology, Benha Faculty of Medicine, Benha University, Benha; and †Egyptian Forensic Medicine Authority, Ministry of Justice, Cairo, Egypt. Manuscript received September 4, 2014; accepted January 3, 2015. The authors report no conflict of interest. Reprints: Abeer A.I. Sharaf El-Din, MD, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Benha University, Al-Sahaa Street, diverted from Farid Nada Street, Benha, Qalyubia Governorate, Egypt, Post office No. 13518. E-mail: [email protected]; [email protected]. The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology: December 2015 - Volume 36 - Issue 4 - p 276-284 doi: 10.1097/PAF.0000000000000182 Buy CME Test Metrics Abstract Sexual assault is a serious social problem that affects women's life. In Egypt, there is no accurate epidemiological study on sexual assault, although it has undergone a dramatic surge in 2013. The goals of this study were to estimate the prevalence and the characteristics of sexual assault against female in Qalyubia Governorate, Egypt. It is a retrospective study evaluating sexual assault against females from 2009 to 2013. Total numbers of cases of female sexual assault was 130 over the studied years. The mean (SD) age of victims was 15.2 (6) years ranging from 4 to 40 years. Fifty-eight percent fall in the age group of 12 to 18 years. Most victims (61.5%) came from urban areas. Summer was relatively a vulnerable season for sexual assault (53.1%); 81.5% of victims was unmarried and 94.6% with normal mentality. The highest percentage of sexual assault crime was found in females with primary education (44.6%). Twenty-two (16.9%) of the assaulted cases were considered intrafamilial assault, whereas 83.1% were extrafamilial. The most common location for assaults was at the assailant's home (50.8%), and 80% of the victims were exposed to assault by 1 assailant. The shortest time between alleged assault and the examination was 1 day in 12 cases (9.2%). The most frequent type of assault was complete vaginal penetration (48.55%). The most common type of physical injury was abrasions (48.1%), whereas the least was burn or broken teeth (1.3% for each). The highest percentage of genital injury was lacerations (36.4%), and the most common location was the hymen (36.4%). © 2015 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.