Case ReportsAgenesis of the Superior Cornua of the Thyroid Cartilage A Rare Variant of Medicolegal ImportanceHejna, Petr MD, PhD, MBA*†; Janík, Martin MD, PhD‡; Urbanová, Petra PhD§Author Information From the *Department of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague, Prague; †University Hospital Hradec Králové, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic; ‡Institute of Legal Medicine and Medico-legal Expertises, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University, Martin, Slovakia; and §Department of Anthropology, Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic. Manuscript received February 28, 2014; accepted July 19, 2014. Supported by PRVOUK of the Charles University Faculty of Medicine in Hradec Králové and by MH CZ-DRO (UHHK, 00179906). The authors report no conflict of interest. Reprints: Petr Hejna, MD, PhD, University Hospital Hradec Králové, Sokolská 581, 500 05 Hradec Králové, Czech Republic. E-mail: [email protected]; [email protected]. The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology: March 2015 - Volume 36 - Issue 1 - p 10-12 doi: 10.1097/PAF.0000000000000131 Buy Metrics Abstract It is important that forensic pathologists are familiar with variations in the size and shape of the laryngohyoid complex when interpreting injuries and pathology of the head and neck region. Accurate postmortem examination of the laryngohyoid structures may be difficult if anatomical variation in these structures is present. Agenesis of the upper horns of the thyroid cartilage has medicolegal significance because it may be mistaken for a fracture or other trauma-related conditions. We present 3 cases with different forms of agenesis of the superior cornu of the thyroid cartilage, namely, right unilateral, left unilateral, and bilateral agenesis. © 2015 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.