Case ReportsAccidental Fatal Lung Injury by Compressed Air A Case ReportRayamane, Anand Parashuram MD, PGDMLE, PGDHR*; MV, Pradeepkumar MD†Author Information From the *Department of Forensic Medicine, Mysore Medical College and Research Institute, Mysore, Karnataka, India; and †RajaRajeswari Medical College and Hospital Bangalore, Karnataka, India. Manuscript received April 7, 2014; accepted June 9, 2014. The authors report no conflicts of interest. Reprints: Anand Parashuram Rayamane, MD, PGDMLE, PGDHR, Department of Forensic Medicine, Mysore Medical College and Research Institute, Mysore, Karnataka 570001, India. E-mail: email@example.com. The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology: March 2015 - Volume 36 - Issue 1 - p 1-2 doi: 10.1097/PAF.0000000000000109 Buy Metrics Abstract Compressed air is being used extensively as a source of energy at industries and in daily life. A variety of fatal injuries are caused by improper and ignorant use of compressed air equipments. Many types of injuries due to compressed air are reported in the literature such as colorectal injury, orbital injury, surgical emphysema, and so on. Most of these injuries are accidental in nature. It is documented that 40 pounds per square inch pressure causes fatal injuries to the ear, eyes, lungs, stomach, and intestine. Openings of body are vulnerable to injuries by compressed air. Death due to compressed air injuries is rarely reported. Many cases are treated successfully by conservative or surgical management. Extensive survey of literature revealed no reports of fatal injury to the upper respiratory tract and lungs caused by compressed air. Here, we are reporting a fatal event of accidental death after insertion of compressed air pipe into the mouth. The postmortem findings are corroborated with the history and discussed in detail. © 2015 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.