Review ArticlesDeaths Related to Chemical BurnsPavelites, Joseph J. PhD; Kemp, Walter L. MD; Barnard, Jeffrey J. MD; Prahlow, Joseph A. MDAuthor Information From the *Indiana University School of Medicine-South Bend at the University of Notre Dame, South Bend, IN; †Montana State Department of Justice, Missoula, MT; ‡Dallas County Medical Examiner’s Office; §The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX; and ∥South Bend Medical Foundation, South Bend, IN. Manuscript received September 18, 2008; accepted January 9, 2009. The authors report no conflicts of interest. A portion of this article was presented at the 2001 annual meeting of the National Association of Medical Examiners. Reprints: Joseph A. Prahlow, MD, Indiana University School of Medicine-South Bend at the University of Notre Dame, South Bend, IN. E-mail: [email protected]. The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology: December 2011 - Volume 32 - Issue 4 - p 387-392 doi: 10.1097/PAF.0b013e31822a6182 Buy Metrics Abstract The authors present a series of 6 deaths due to the uncommon cause of chemical burns. Of the 6 deaths due to chemical burns, 4 deaths were due to ingestion of a chemical, 1 death was caused by chemical burns of the skin, and 1 death resulted from rectal insufflation of a chemical. Seven additional cases where chemical burns may have been a contributing factor to the death or an incidental finding are also presented. Four cases are related to an incident involving chemical exposure during an industrial explosion. Three cases involve motor fuel burns of the skin. Two cases concern a plane crash incident, and 1 case involved a vehicular collision. Cases are derived from the records of the Dallas County Medical Examiner’s Office and those of the authors’ consultation practices. Each of the cases is presented, followed by a discussion of the various mechanisms of chemical injury. © 2011 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.