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Suicides in Turkey Between 1996 and 2005: General Perspective

Asirdizer, Mahmut MD; Yavuz, M. Sunay MD; Demirag Aydin, Serpil MD; Dizdar, M. Gokhan MD

The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology: June 2010 - Volume 31 - Issue 2 - p 138-145
doi: 10.1097/PAF.0b013e3181cfc658
Original Article

Suicide is a significant problem in the world. Sharing the information about the national suicide rates in the international scientific area is an important issue for not only the solution of the problem, but also improving the efforts for decreasing the suicidal deaths. We aimed to add the statistical information about the rates, the risk factors, and the methods of suicides in Turkey to the literature. The suicide rates in Turkey increased in the period between 1996 and 2005 years; it was 3.8 per 100,000 populations in 2005. The average ratio of male to female was 1.58/1 between 1996 and 2005 years. The suicidal deaths increased above the age of 75, especially in male population. In females, the most dangerous period was 15 to 24 age group. The major risk factor for suicides was found to be illness (29.6%) for both genders and especially for above middle ages. Hanging was the most preferred method for both genders and for most of the age groups in Turkey. Suicides increased in the spring and summer.

From the Department of Forensic Medicine, Medical School of Celal Bayar University, Manisa, Turkey; and Department of Family Medicine, Medical School of Adnan Menderes University, Aydin, Turkey.

Manuscript received February 26, 2008; accepted December 12, 2008.

Reprints: Mahmut Asirdizer, MD, Department of Forensic Medicine, Celal Bayar University, School of Medicine, 45030 Manisa, Turkey. E-mail:

© 2010 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.