Case ReportsNeurocysticercosisOeberst, Jaime L. M.D.; Barnard, Jeffrey J. M.D.; Bigio, Eileen H. M.D.; Prahlow, Joseph A. M.D.Author Information From the Department of Pathology, University of Texas-Southwestern Medical Center (J.L.O., J.J.B., E.H.B., J.A.P.) and the Southwestern Institute of Forensic Sciences (J.L.O., J.J.B., J.A.P.), Dallas, Texas, U.S.A. Manuscript received July 3, 2001; accepted September 8, 2001. Address correspondence and reprint requests to Joseph A. Prahlow, M.D., South Bend Medical Foundation, 530 N. Lafayette Blvd., South Bend, IN 46601–1098, U.S.A. Presented at the 1998 Annual Meeting of the National Association of Medical Examiners, Albequerque, N.M. The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology: March 2002 - Volume 23 - Issue 1 - p 31-35 Buy Abstract Neurocysticercosis results when the ingested eggs of the pork tapeworm, Taenia solium, hatch into larval forms that penetrate the gut wall, disseminate hematogenously, and then encyst in the brain. The subsequent symptoms and associated morbidity are variable. Worldwide, cysticercosis is the most common parasitic disease affecting the central nervous system, but it is not a common autopsy finding in the United States. Neurocysticercosis may be an incidental finding, a contributing cause of death, or the underlying cause of death. It is also important for the forensic pathologist to be aware of the possibility of neurocysticercosis in the autopsy population for purposes of epidemiology studies and infection control. The authors use cases of neurocysticercosis found at autopsy at their institution to give examples of each scenario and to review the clinical and pathologic features of this parasitic disease. © 2002 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.