ArticlesPostmortem Diagnosis of Cerebral MalariaPeoc'h, Michel Y. M.D; Gyure, Kymberly A. M.D; Morrison, Alan L. M.DAuthor Information From the Service d'Anatomie Pathologique (M.Y.P.), CHU, Grenoble, France; the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (K.A.G., A.L.M.), Department of Neuropathology, Washington, DC, U.S.A.; and the Department of Pathology (K.A.G.), University of Maryland Medical System, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A. Manuscript received October 8, 1999; revised January 20, 2000; accepted February 18, 2000. The opinions or assertions contained herein are the private views of the authors and are not to be construed as official or reflecting the views of the United States Department of the Navy or the Department of Defense or the institutions with which the authors are affiliated. Dr. Peoc'h was a visiting researcher in the Department of Neuropathology at the AFIP during the preparation of this article. Address correspondence and reprint requests to Michel Y. Peoc'h, Service d'Anatomie Pathologique, CHU, BP 217, 38043 Grenoble cedex 09, France; e-mail: [email protected] The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology: December 2000 - Volume 21 - Issue 4 - p 366-369 Buy Abstract Human cerebral malaria is a frequent encephalopathy that occurs in the endemic tropical-subtropical zones. There are a smaller number of imported cases in continental zones where the diagnosis sometimes remains difficult to establish. Fifteen days after the death of a 36-year-old male French citizen in Africa, an investigation to determine the cause of death was conducted. Histologic examination of the brain permitted the diagnosis of cerebral malaria. Because of the popularity of overseas tourism and because this disorder may appear as "sudden death," these victims may be referred to a forensic pathologist. This case demonstrates the role a forensic pathologist may play in determining the cause of death in cerebral malaria. © 2000 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.