Spitz nevus is an infrequent, usually acquired melanocytic nevus composed of epithelioid and/or spindle melanocytes that can occasionally be confused with melanoma. Currently, there are no immunohistochemical markers or molecular biology techniques that can be used to make an entirely safe diagnosis of Spitz nevus or melanoma in problematic cases. A retrospective study has been carried out that included all the cases diagnosed as Spitz nevus from our files. Follow-up information of the patients was unavailable. Three hundred forty-nine cases of unequivocal Spitz nevi were included, and their clinical and histopathological parameters were reviewed. One hundred and forty patients (40%) were 15 years old or younger, with a male to female ratio of 1:1. In patients older than 15 years, there was an evident predominance of women, with a male to female ratio of around 1:3. Spitz nevus was most commonly located on the lower extremities, followed by the trunk in both children and adults. Despite the fact that the head and neck were the third most common location in children, it was a much more frequent location in children than in adults. The constitution by epithelioid and/or spindled cells was the only histopathological finding present in 100% of cases. The other pathological findings studied were, from more to less frequent: maturation (72%), inflammatory infiltrate (70%), epidermal hyperplasia (66%), melanin (50%), telangiectasias (40%), Kamino bodies (34%), desmoplastic stroma (26%), mitosis (23%), pagetoid extension (13%), and hyalinization of the stroma (8%). Hyalinization was the only histopathological parameter that was statistically more frequent in adults than in children.