Original ArticleVerrucous Psoriasis: A Distinctive Clinicopathologic Variant of PsoriasisKhalil, Farah K MD*; Keehn, Connie A MD*; Saeed, Sadia MD*; Morgan, Michael B MD*†‡Author Information From the *Department of Pathology, University of South Florida College of Medicine, Tampa, FL; †The James A. Haley Veterans Hospital, Tampa, FL; and ‡Bay Area Dermatopathology Ameripath, Tampa, Florida. Reprints: Michael B. Morgan, MD, 16124 Chastain Road, Odessa, FL 33556. The American Journal of Dermatopathology: June 2005 - Volume 27 - Issue 3 - p 204-207 doi: 10.1097/01.dad.0000157450.39033.31 Buy SDC Metrics Abstract Psoriasis is capable of presenting in a variety of clinical and pathologic guises including a rarely described variant variably termed hypertrophic or verrucous psoriasis. Herein, we describe the clinical and pathologic attributes of a large series of patients with this unusual variant of psoriasis and distinguish it from other entities in the differential diagnosis. The histopathologic features and clinical and demographic attributes of a series of 12 cases from 12 patients were reviewed by a single dermatopathologist (MM). The 12 patients consisted of 7 males and 5 females with an average age of 61.8 years (males 38-93 years, females 41-71 years). Eight of the patients were Caucasian, 3 Hispanic and 1 African-American. Six of the lesions were located on the knees, 4 involved the elbows, and 2 were seen on the dorsum of the hands (metacarpal-phalangeal joint). The clinical appearance of the lesions consisted of flesh-toned to white mammillated plaques (8 cases) and coalesced papules (4 cases). Each of the biopsies showed regular psoriasiform epidermal hyperplasia with acanthosis, hyperkeratosis, and either spongiform neutrophilic or Munro micro-abscesses. In addition, each showed papillomatosis with bowing of the peripheral rete ridges toward the center of the lesion (buttressing). At high power, epidermal neutrophils were seen in particular surmounting the tips of the suprapapillary plates with accompanying serum. Hypergranulosis and koilocytic change were not observed in any of the lesions. Human papilloma virus (HPV) immunostaining and periodic acid Schiff (PAS) special staining for fungi were negative. Verrucous psoriasis is a distinctive variant of psoriasis with overlapping clinical and pathologic features that might prompt consideration of verruca vulgaris. The presence of epidermal papillomatosis and epidermal buttressing seen in these lesions is reminiscent of the histologic features of verruca vulgaris. Similarly, the presence of coalesced papules might prompt clinical consideration of verruca vulgaris as well. It is likely that this under recognized clinicopathologic entity represents a patterned response of the epithelium to repeated trauma/irritation typical of the anatomic locations that were encountered in this series. Recognition of this entity should preempt confusion with verruca vulgaris or other entities capable of producing wart-like epidermal changes. © 2005 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.