The objective of this study was to compare survival endpoints between women with uterine carcinosarcoma and those with uterine serous carcinoma utilizing matching analysis.
Patients with stages I to II who underwent hysterectomy at our institution were included in this analysis. Patients with carcinosarcoma were then matched to patients with serous carcinoma based on stage, and adjuvant management received (observation, radiation treatment alone, chemotherapy alone, or combined modality with radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Recurrence-free survival, disease-specific survival, and overall survival were calculated for the 2 groups.
A total of 134 women were included (67 women with carcinosarcoma and 67 with serous carcinoma, matched 1:1). There was no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups regarding 5-year recurrence-free survival (59% vs. 62%), disease-specific survival (66% vs. 67%), or overall survival (53% vs. 57%), respectively. The only independent predictor of shorter recurrence-free survival for the entire cohort was the lack of adjuvant combined modality therapy, while lower uterine segment involvement was the only independent predictor for shorter disease-specific survival. Lack of lymph node dissection and lack of adjuvant combined modality therapy were independent predictors of shorter overall survival.
When matched based on stage and adjuvant treatment, our study suggests that there is no statistically significant difference in survival endpoints between women with early-stage carcinosarcoma and serous carcinoma. Adjuvant combined modality treatment is an independent predictor of longer recurrence-free survival and overall survival.