Preclinical studies demonstrated antitumor activity of dovitinib in pancreatic cancer models. This phase Ib study aimed to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of dovitinib in combination with gemcitabine and capecitabine and to characterize the safety and pharmacokinetic profile in patients with advanced pancreatic and biliary tract cancers and solid malignancies.
Patients received gemcitabine 1000 mg/m² intravenously on days 1 and 8, capecitabine 1300 mg/m² oral daily from day 1 to 14, and dovitinib oral daily 5 days on and 2 days off, every 21-day cycle. The standard 3+3 dose escalation design was utilized and the study expanded to treat an additional 20 advanced pancreatic and biliary tract cancers patients at MTD.
A total of 29 patients were enrolled. One patient experienced dose-limiting grade 3 colitis. Two patients developed clinically significant neuropathy after the first cycle requiring dose reduction. The MTD was not reached and dovitinib 300 mg was declared the recommended dose for expansion. The most frequent grade 2 or worse adverse events were fatigue (45%), neutropenia (41%), thrombocytopenia (34%), anemia (24%), nausea (24%), and palmer-plantar erythrodysaesthesia syndrome (21%). Partial responses were observed in 5 patients. Pharmacokinetic studies showed no drug-drug interaction between dovitinib, capecitabine and gemcitabine. Fibroblast growth factor 23 plasma level increased in 4 of 5 patients during the first cycle of treatment.
Dovitinib 300 mg daily is the recommended dose when combined with gemcitabine and capecitabine, achieving clinically relevant plasma concentrations. The study combination demonstrated encouraging efficacy signals in advanced pancreatic cancer.
*Department of Oncology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN
Departments of ‡ Medicine
¶Biostatistics, Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center
∥Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Bioanalytics, Metabolomics and Pharmacokinetics (BMPK) Shared Resource, Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center
#Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY
Novartis Oncology provided research funding and dovitinib. This work was partially supported by National Cancer Institute (NCI) grants R21CA168454, R01CA198096 and P30CA016056 involving the use of Roswell Park’s Bioanalytics, Metabolomics and Pharmacokinetics (BMPK) Shared Resource.
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
Reprints: Wen Wee Ma, MBBS, Department of Oncology, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester SW, MN 55905. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.