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A Phase II Study of Ganetespib as Second-line or Third-line Therapy for Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

Cardin, Dana B., MD*,†; Thota, Ramya, MBBS*,†; Goff, Laura W., MD*,†; Berlin, Jordan D., MD*,†; Jones, Clyde M., MD; Ayers, Gregory D., MS§; Whisenant, Jennifer G., PhD; Chan, Emily, MD, PhD*,†

American Journal of Clinical Oncology: August 2018 - Volume 41 - Issue 8 - p 772–776
doi: 10.1097/COC.0000000000000377
Original Articles: Gastrointestinal

Objectives: Heat shock protein 90 regulates multiple signaling proteins involved in key pathways of pancreatic cancer pathogenesis. Ganetespib binds to heat shock protein 90 and interferes with its binding to client proteins thus leading to inactivation and degradation of the signaling proteins that promote cancer progression. This phase II study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of ganetespib in patients with refractory metastatic pancreatic cancer (rMPC).

Methods: Patients with rMPC received 175 mg/m2 ganetespib intravenously once weekly for 3 weeks in 4-week cycles. Primary endpoint was disease control rate at 8 weeks, with a goal of 70%. Secondary endpoints were progression-free survival, overall survival, and safety. Simon’s 2-stage design was used to assess futility and efficacy. Ganetespib was considered inactive if ≤8 patients among the first 15 treated had disease control after 8 weeks of treatment.

Results: Fourteen patients were treated on study. Grade 3 treatment-related toxicities were diarrhea, abdominal pain, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, and hyponatremia. Disease control rate at 8 weeks was 28.6%, and median progression-free survival and overall survival were 1.58 months and 4.57 months, respectively. Early stopping rules for lack of clinical efficacy led to study closure.

Conclusions: Single-agent ganetespib was tolerable with only modest disease control in rMPC. This disease is resistant to chemotherapy, and given the emerging data in lung and rectal cancers, as well as in pancreatic cancer cell lines, suggesting improved activity of ganetespib in combination with cytotoxic agents, studies combining this agent with chemotherapy in rMPC are more likely to yield success.

*Department of Medicine

Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Vanderbilt University Medical Center

§Department of Cancer Biostatistics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville

The Jones Clinic, Germantown, TN

Supported by Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center CCSG (P30CA68485) and Synta Pharmaceuticals.

D.B.C. has served as an advisory board consultant for Merrimack and has institutional research funding from Synta, Incyte, Celgene, Hoffman-LaRoxhe, EMD-Serono, and Oncolytics Biotech. L.W.G. has served as a consultant for Celgene and has institutional research funding from Astellas Pharma, Pfizer, Onxy, SunPharma, Lilly, and Bristol-Myers Squibb. J.D.B. has served as a consultant for Celgene, Genentech, Aduro, Boston Biomedical, Janssen, Cornerstone, Symphogen, and Bayer and has institutional research funding from Genentech, Abbvie, Taiho, Bayer, 5Prime, Phoenix, Incyte, and Vertex. E.C. has served on advisory boards for Castle Biosciences, Taiho, EMD-Serono, Amgen, Lilly, Advaxis, Bayer, and Merrimack. The other authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Reprints: Dana B. Cardin, MD, Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology/Oncology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, 2220 Pierce Avenue, PRB 777, Nashville, TN 37232. E-mail:

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