Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become more common as a result of changes in dietary structure and lifestyle. It is now the most common chronic liver disease both in China and in the rest of the world (NAFLD is also of concern in European and American countries).
NAFLD and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) are different stages of fatty liver disease. There is currently a lack of consensus on the use of statin therapy. We conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy of statins in the treatment of NAFLD and NASH.
PubMed, MEDLINE, and other literature databases, including the Cochrane Library, were searched.
The primary inclusion criteria for studies included the use of different statins for the treatment of NAFLD and NASH. Two reviewers identified documents and extracted data based on predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria. To examine heterogeneity and publication bias, all analyses were undertaken using the complete meta-analysis Review Manager 5.3 software.
The meta-analysis includes 4 randomized controlled studies involving 169 participants with NAFLD and NASH. In comparison with the control group, statins dramatically lowered serum levels of aspartate transaminase, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), triglycerides, and cholesterol.
The use of statins in the treatment of NAFLD and NASH has shown significant histological and biochemical benefits, especially in patients with hyperlipidemia. To assess the effects of statins on NAFLD and NASH, more large research and randomized placebo-controlled trials are needed.