Original ArticlesUse of Noninvasive Ventilation in Adult Patients With Acute Asthma ExacerbationGanesh, Aarthi MD1,*; Shenoy, Sundeep MD2; Doshi, Viral MD3; Rishi, Muhammad MD4; Molnar, Janos MD5 Author Information Departments of 1Pulmonary and Critical Care and 2Internal Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ; 3Department of Sleep Medicine, Oklahoma University, Oklahoma City, OK; 4Department of Critical Care, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN; and 5Department of Medicine, Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, North Chicago, IL. Address for correspondence: Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care, 1501 N Campbell Ave., University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85724. E-mail: [email protected] The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare. American Journal of Therapeutics: November/December 2015 - Volume 22 - Issue 6 - p 431-434 doi: 10.1097/MJT.0000000000000184 Buy Metrics Abstract Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) has been found to be beneficial for respiratory failure in many disease states; however, limited data are available supporting its use in acute asthma exacerbation. A retrospective chart analysis of adult patients admitted for acute asthma exacerbation and treated with NIV between January 2007 and December 2009 at a tertiary care community hospital was done. Ninety-eight patient encounters were identified. Mean age of the patients was 48.3 years, and 46% were male. Nineteen patients failed NIV and required invasive ventilation. There was no significant difference in the mean age, sex, race, and initial blood gas between patients with successful versus failed NIV. Usage of drugs, smoking, and history of past hospital or intensive care unit admission or intubation did not significantly influence the rate of failure of NIV. Patients who needed higher initial FiO2 were more likely to get intubated during their hospital stay (46.2 vs. 20.4%, P = 0.019). Patients who failed NIV were found to have longer duration of hospital stay (6.8 vs. 3.9 days, P= 0.016) and longer intensive care unit stay (4 vs. 0.9 days, P = 0.002). Use of inhalers and other medications was not found to significantly influence the rate of failure of NIV. NIV can be used initially in patients with acute asthma exacerbation, as it is associated with shorter duration of hospital stay and can prevent the morbidity of mechanical intubation. Patients with initial requirement of higher FiO2 were more likely to fail NIV and should be carefully monitored. Copyright © 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.