Data from the 2009-2010 National Hospital Ambulatory Care Survey–Emergency Department were used to compare homeless patients' utilization of the urban emergency department (ED) in the United States with nonhomeless patients and to examine the relationship between homelessness and demographics and ED utilization measures. The weighted sample size was 200 645 347. A total of 1 302 256 patients (0.65%) were homeless. Homeless patients were significantly more likely to be older, male, have self-pay, have no charge/charity or other as payment type, arrive via ambulance, have a longer ED visit, and a past visit to the same ED in the last year.
Department of Pharmacotherapy and Outcomes Science, School of Pharmacy, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia (Drs Coe, Moczygemba, and Gatewood); and Pharmacy Administration, Chicago College of Pharmacy, Midwestern University, Downers Grove, Illinois (Dr Harpe).
Correspondence: Antoinette B. Coe, PharmD, Department of Pharmacotherapy and Outcomes Science, School of Pharmacy, Virginia Commonwealth University, 410 N 12th St, PO Box 980533, Richmond, VA 23298 (firstname.lastname@example.org).
The project described was supported in part by award number KL2TR000057 from the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences. Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent official views of the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences or the National Institutes of Health.
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.