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A Mixed-Methods Study of Research Dissemination Across Practice-Based Research Networks

Lipman, Paula Darby PhD; Lange, Carol J. MPH; Cohen, Rachel A. MPH; Peterson, Kevin A. MD, MPH

Journal of Ambulatory Care Management: April/June 2014 - Volume 37 - Issue 2 - p 179–188
doi: 10.1097/JAC.0000000000000018
Original Articles

Practice-based research networks may be expanding beyond research into rapid learning systems. This mixed-methods study uses Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality registry data to identify networks currently engaged in dissemination of research findings and to select a sample to participate in qualitative semistructured interviews. An adapted Diffusion of Innovations framework was used to organize concepts by characteristics of networks, dissemination activities, and mechanisms for rapid learning. Six regional networks provided detailed information about dissemination strategies, organizational context, role of practice-based research network, member involvement, and practice incentives. Strategies compatible with current practices and learning innovations that generate observable improvements may increase effectiveness of rapid learning approaches.

Westat, Rockville, Maryland (Dr Lipman and Ms Cohen); and Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis (Ms Lange and Dr Peterson).

Correspondence: Paula Darby Lipman, PhD, Senior Study Director, Westat, 1650 Research Blvd, Rockville, MD 20850 (

This project was funded under contract No. HHSA-290-2007-10037 from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. The authors of this article are responsible for its content, including any clinical treatment recommendations. No statement in this article should be construed as an official position of AHRQ or of the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services.

The authors gratefully acknowledge representatives of the 6 PBRNs who participated in the qualitative interviews. They also thank Lauren Laimon and Nicholas Buck of Westat for project management and technical assistance.

No conflicts of interest were declared.

© 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins