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Determining the Factors Associated With Health Research Participation

Gucciardi, Enza PhD; Di Liao, Chen BSc; Cameron, Jill I. PhD

Journal of Ambulatory Care Management: July-September 2010 - Volume 33 - Issue 3 - p 272–284
doi: 10.1097/JAC.0b013e3181e62d3c

This study explores factors and attitudes that affect willingness to participate in health research in an ambulatory population of 175 individuals. Respondents reported on their sociodemographic characteristics and rated statements on a questionnaire regarding their likelihood to participate in and attitudes toward health research. Multivariate ordinal regression analysis revealed that having more positive and less negative attitudes toward health research, access to the Internet, previous participation experience, higher education, and being Canadian-born contribute to a greater willingness to participate in health research. Understanding factors that influence research participation can help identify and direct efforts to improve research volunteer recruitment.

School of Nutrition, Ryerson University (Dr Gucciardi) and Departments of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology (Ms Liao) and Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, University of Toronto (Dr Cameron), Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Correspondence: Enza Gucciardi, PhD, School of Nutrition Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M6G 2M4 (

Disclaimer: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

E.G., C.D.L., and J.I.C. contributed equally to this work.

The authors thank Andrea Senchuk and Mariella Fortugno for assisting with the submission process.

© 2010 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.