The course of dementia may differ between men and women. Men, for example, are more likely to exhibit aggression. It is unclear if sex differences are present at initial presentation. The present study examines sex differences among patients at initial referral to a memory clinic.
Materials and Methods:
Three hundred seventy-five (159 males, 216 females) patients referred to the University of Saskatchewan’s Rural and Remote Memory Clinic participated. Data were collected from patients and caregivers at initial assessment. Cognitive, functional, and demographic information were compared between males and females.
Males and females presented to the clinic at similar ages. Females were more likely to have a son or daughter caregiver and to live alone. Males were more likely to be currently working. No statistically significant differences were found for cognitive or functional assessment scores.
Within this rural and remote sample, there was equivalence between male and female level of cognitive decline, function and neuropsychiatric symptoms at initial referral. Both sexes were of similar ages at the time of initial presentation. These findings may provide reassurance to patients and their family members as it does not appear that patients of one sex were referred later than the other.