The association of prostate cancer and androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) use with the odds of developing mild cognitive impairment (MCI) was determined in men from the population-based Mayo Clinic Study of Aging (MCSA).
The study included 2513 men (mean age of 73.1 y) enrolled in the MCSA. A history of prostate cancer, ADT use, and length of ADT exposure before their first MCSA visit was abstracted using the Rochester Epidemiology Project medical records-linkage system. MCI was diagnosed at the baseline visit. Logistic regression was used to determine whether prostate cancer and ADT use was associated with odds of MCI.
Of the 2513 participants, 349 (13.9%) had a history of prostate cancer; among whom 99 (28.3%) were treated with ADT before MCSA enrollment. There were 382 (15.2%) with a diagnosis of MCI. In the univariate logistic regression models, prostate cancer (odds ratio, 1.50; 95% confidence interval, 1.12-2.00), and ADT exposure (odds ratio, 1.57; 95% confidence interval, 0.96-2.58) were associated with higher odds of MCI. These associations were greatly attenuated and not significant in multivariable models.
Neither a diagnosis of prostate cancer nor ADT use was associated with odds of MCI in this cross-sectional population-based study.