Uterine endometrial stromal sarcomas (ESS) with YWHAE::NUTM2 gene fusions are typically morphologically high-grade tumors composed of atypical round cells, sometimes associated with a low-grade fibromyxoid component; they are currently included in the category of high-grade ESS (HGESS). We report 5 morphologically pure low-grade endometrial stromal tumors harboring YWHAE::NUTM2 fusions, including 1 endometrial stromal nodule (ESN) and 4 low-grade endometrial stromal sarcomas (LGESS), an association only occasionally reported previously. Patients ranged from 30 to 51 (mean=43) years and tumors from 4.5 to 7.5 cm (mean=5.7). All were stage I at diagnosis (confined to the uterus). Microscopically, the 4 LGESS showed extensive “tongue-like” invasion of the myometrium, and the ESN was entirely confined to the endometrium with no myometrial invasion. All tumors were composed entirely of morphologically uniform bland ovoid cells resembling proliferative endometrial stroma. A fibromyxoid component was seen in 1 LGESS and the ESN; in the LGESS, this was the sole component. Atypical round cells characteristic of YWHAE::NUTM2 HGESS were not identified. Mitotic count ranged from <1 to 13 per 10 high-power fields (mean: 3). CD10 was positive in 2/4 (focal), estrogen receptor in 5/5 (focal=1; diffuse=4), progesterone receptor in 5/5 (focal=1; diffuse=4) and cyclin D1 was diffusely positive in 3/4. Follow-up was available in all 5 patients and ranged from 6 to 159 months (mean=72). Two patients with LGESS had recurrent disease at 15 and 155 months; 1 showed predominantly LGESS with rare round cells in the initial recurrence and pure HGESS in a subsequent recurrence, while the other patient’s recurrent tumor was predominantly HGESS (90%) in a background of focal fibromyxoid LGESS (10%). Both patients rapidly progressed and died of disease within 5 months of high-grade recurrence. We show that rare cases of morphologically pure low-grade endometrial stromal tumors, some but not all with a fibromyxoid component, harbor YWHAE::NUTM2 fusions and may recur rapidly, with transformation to HGESS and aggressive behavior. Our findings suggest that at least a subset of YWHAE::NUTM2 HGESS evolves from LGESS. We suggest that cyclin D1 and CD10 staining should be performed in all LGESS. Diffuse staining for cyclin D1 and/or negative or focal staining for CD10 should suggest the possibility of a YWHAE::NUTM2 fusion, and appropriate molecular testing should be undertaken. Since no single morphological or immunohistochemical parameter is entirely sensitive for fusion status, we also suggest that testing for a YWHAE::NUTM2 gene fusion should be considered in all cases of LGESS and, if a fusion is present, this should raise the possibility of subsequent high-grade transformation and aggressive behavior, even though such cases should still be categorized as LGESS. Although seemingly rare, ESN and LGESS with YWHAE::NUTM2 fusions may be under-recognized due to a lack of routine fusion testing.