New Clinicopathologic Scenarios of EBV+ Inflammatory Follicular Dendritic Cell Sarcoma: Report of 9 Extrahepatosplenic Cases : The American Journal of Surgical Pathology

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New Clinicopathologic Scenarios of EBV+ Inflammatory Follicular Dendritic Cell Sarcoma

Report of 9 Extrahepatosplenic Cases

Jiang, Xiang-Nan MD*,†; Zhang, Yan MD, PhD*,†; Xue, Tian MD*,†; Chen, Jie-Yu MD, PhD; Chan, Alex C.L. FRCPA§; Cheuk, Wah FRCPA§; Chan, John K.C. FRCPA§; Li, Xiao-Qiu MD, PhD*,†

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The American Journal of Surgical Pathology 45(6):p 765-772, June 2021. | DOI: 10.1097/PAS.0000000000001632

Abstract

EBV+ inflammatory follicular dendritic cell (FDC) sarcoma is an indolent malignant neoplasm of spindled FDCs with a rich lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate and a consistent association with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). It occurs exclusively in the liver and spleen, with the exception of a few colonic examples. In this study, we report 9 extrahepatosplenic cases, including 4 occurring in previously undescribed sites, but all apparently anatomically related to the aerodigestive tract. The cases included 5 gastrointestinal tumors all presenting as colonic pedunculated polyps, 2 presenting as mesocolon mass, and 2 involving the palatine or nasopharyngeal tonsils. One patient with a colonic tumor was complicated by paraneoplastic pemphigus. The patients had a median age of 58 years, with female predominance (female:male=7:2). A favorable outcome was observed in 7 patients. Histologically, EBV+ inflammatory FDC sarcomas arising from these anatomic sites were similar to their hepatosplenic counterparts. Spindled to oval neoplastic cells with ill-defined cell borders were dispersed or formed loose whorled fascicles in a dense lymphoplasmacytic background. They had vesicular nuclei with distinct nucleoli and typically exhibited a range of nuclear atypia in the same case. The neoplastic cells showed variable expression of FDC markers and were labeled for Epstein-Barr virus–encoded RNA on in situ hybridization. These 9 cases thus broaden the clinicopathologic scenarios of EBV+ inflammatory FDC sarcoma. Recognition of the potential existence of this tumor type in extrahepatosplenic sites permits a correct diagnosis to be made.

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