Endometrial mesonephric-like carcinomas (MLCa) are uncommon with <50 reported cases thus far. Previous studies have characterized the histologic, immunohistochemical, and molecular features of MLCa; however, there is limited information with respect to outcome. This single-institution study of 23 uterine MLCas characterizes the behavior of such a neoplasm. Uterine MLCas (2004-present) had review of histologic features, immunohistochemical results, molecular profile, and clinical information (stage, treatment, follow-up). The behavior of MLCa was compared with low-grade endometrioid carcinomas (ECas) and uterine serous carcinomas (USCs) treated at our institution from 2004 to present. All MLCas had a mixture of previously described architectural and cytologic features most notably ductal and/or tubular architecture (21/23), nuclei resembling those of papillary thyroid carcinoma (18/23), and at least focal intraluminal eosinophilic secretions (20/23). Immunoperoxidase studies facilitated diagnosis in 22 cases: CD10, 10/10; calretinin, 5/15; estrogen receptor (≥10% nuclei), 6/21; progesterone receptor, 1/15; GATA-3, 15/16; TTF-1, 11/16. Fourteen of 17 tested cases had a KRAS mutation (7 as the only alteration; 7 with additional mutations including PIK [n=5]; PTEN [n=2], CTNNB1 [n=1]).One case had mutations in PTEN, PIK, and CTNNB1 without KRAS; 2 cases had no detectable somatic mutation. Overall, 48% of patients presented with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage 3 or 4 disease with the following uterine risk factors: >50% myometrial invasion, 20/23; lymphovascular space invasion, 16/23; cervical stromal invasion, 7/23. Twenty patients had adjuvant therapy (7 radiation only; 13 chemotherapy±radiation), whereas 3 patients had either unknown or declined therapy. Follow-up was known for 21 patients: 17 patients had recurrences or never achieved remission with the lung being the most common recurrence site (n=9); 7 patients died of disease. The median progression-free survival was 18.2 months for MLCa compared with 183 months for ECa and 67.1 months for USC. The median overall survival for MLCa was 70.6 months compared with 139.1 months for USC (median survival for ECa not reached). Uterine MLCa is uncommon with most tumors recognized by architectural heterogeneity, vesicular, overlapping nuclei with grooves, and eosinophilic luminal secretions. The typical immunoprofile includes low to absent expression of hormone receptors but at least focal expression of GATA-3 and/or TTF-1. Most tested cases had a KRAS mutation although genetic mutations typically associated with ECa are not uncommon. Compared with more commonly encountered types of ECa, MLCa is more aggressive with a tendency towards earlier and distant recurrence.