Original Articles: PDF OnlyAssociation of Mucinous Tumors of the Ovary and Appendix A Clinicopathologic Study of 25 CasesSeidman, Jeffrey D. M.D.1; Elsayed, Alaaeldeen M. MAJ USAF MC FS2; Sobin, Leslie H. M.D.2; Tavassoli, Fattaneh A. M.D.1 Author Information 1From the Departments of Gynecologic and Breast Pathology Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Washington, D.C. 20306-6000, U.S.A. 2From the Departments of Hepatic and Gastrointestinal Pathology Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Washington, D.C. 20306-6000, U.S.A. The American Journal of Surgical Pathology: January 1993 - Volume 17 - Issue 1 - p 22-34 Buy Abstract Twenty-five patients with mucinous tumors of the ovary and appendix were studied. The average age of the patients was 52 years, and the ovarian and appendiceal tumors were discovered synchronously in all but two cases. The majority had either a pelvic mass or abdominal or pelvic pain. A high frequency of bilateral ovarian tumors (11/25), and right-sided predominance for the unilateral ovarian tumors (nine right, five left) were found. Four patients had ovarian mucinous carcinomas, 10 had mucinous tumors of low malignant potential, 10 had mucinous cystadenomas, and one had a mucinous cyst. Pseudomyxoma ovarii was present in 22 cases. Twenty-two of 24 appendices were grossly abnormal. There were six appendiceal mucinous adenocarcinomas, 10 mucinous tumors of uncertain malignant potential, seven mucinous cystadenomas, one hyperplastic polyp, and one mucocele. Twelve patients had ovarian and appendiceal tumors of similar malignant potential, nine had appendiceal tumors with more aggressive morphologic features than the corresponding ovarian tumor, and four had ovarian tumors with more aggressive morphologic features than the appendiceal tumor. Eighteen patients had peritoneal involvement by mucinous epithelium admixed with mucus (nine localized, nine diffuse). Immunoperoxidase reactions for four epithelial antigens in 15 cases showed complete concordance between ovarian and appendiceal lesions in only five cases and were not helpful in determining the site of origin of the peritoneal tumor. Our findings suggest an independent origin of the ovarian and appendiceal tumors in most cases and do not favor an origin in a single site. Furthermore, it is proposed that the peritoneal lesions may arise de novo as part of a multifocal neoplastic process. © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.