Literature ReviewDisability, Human Rights, and the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health Systematic ReviewAluas, Maria PhD; Colombetti, Elena PhD; Osimani, Barbara PhD; Musio, Alessio PhD; Pessina, Adriano PhD Author Information From the Centre for Bioethics, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan, Italy. All correspondence and requests for reprints should be addressed to: Maria Aluas, PhD, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Via Nirone 15, 20123 Milano, Italy. Financial disclosure statements have been obtained, and no conflicts of interest have been reported by the authors or by any individuals in control of the content of this article. This study was conducted within the Multidisciplinary Research Network on Health and Disability in Europe project (European Commission project funded within the Sixth Framework Programme, MRTN-CT-2006-035794). American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation 91(13):p S146-S154, February 2012. | DOI: 10.1097/PHM.0b013e31823d5437 Buy Metrics Abstract This literature review focuses on the literature on disability from the ethical and human rights perspective in the light of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health in the period from January 1, 2008, to June 30, 2010. This article identifies and examines studies that deal with the subject of disability with reference to rights, ethical issues, and justice. A total of 42 articles and 33 books were selected. The subject most frequently dealt with in studies on disability is that of human rights (76% of the articles and 79% of the books examined), followed by topics relating to welfare (52% of articles and 64% of books), International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (38% of articles and 45% of books), justice (24% of articles and 48% of books), education (21% of articles and 61% of books), and work (19% of articles and 39% of books). The subject of disability is dealt with in various fields of study and various disciplines. Most of the studies are based on the legal approach. It is to be hoped that there will be an increase in the philosophical and ethical study of disability, which has only recently entered the European debate. © 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.