Literature Review: ExerciseComprehensive Therapeutic Benefits of Taiji: A Critical ReviewKlein, Penelope J. PT, EdD; Adams, William D. BAAuthor Information From D’Youville College, Buffalo, New York. All correspondence and requests for reprints should be addressed to Penelope J. Klein, PT, EdD, D’Youville College, 320 Porter Avenue, Buffalo, NY 14201. American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation: September 2004 - Volume 83 - Issue 9 - p 735-745 doi: 10.1097/01.PHM.0000137317.98890.74 Buy SDC Metrics Abstract Klein PJ, Adams WD: Comprehensive therapeutic benefits of Taiji: A critical review. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2004;83:735–745. This literature review offers physical rehabilitation professionals an update on the current breadth and strength of research evidence regarding comprehensive therapeutic benefits of Taiji practice. A critical analysis distinguishes between what is known from controlled clinical research and what is suggested in preliminary research. Of >200 published reports examined, 17 controlled clinical trials were judged to meet a high standard of methodological rigor. Controlled research evidence was found to confirm therapeutic benefits of Taiji practice with regard to improving quality of life, physical function including activity tolerance and cardiovascular function, pain management, balance and risk of falls reduction, enhancing immune response, and improving flexibility, strength, and kinesthetic sense. Preliminary research on implementation feasibility of Taiji programming exists for a variety of clinical populations. Further controlled clinical study is justified for a wide variety of clinical contexts. © 2004 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.