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Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Trends in Graduate Medical Education and Sub-Specialization Amidst Changing Demographics

Petriceks, Aldis H. BA1; Hales, Hannah A. BS1; Srivastava, Sakti MBBS, MS1

American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation: May 3, 2019 - Volume Publish Ahead of Print - Issue - p
doi: 10.1097/PHM.0000000000001218
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With an aging and growing U.S. population, American healthcare faces an impending physician shortage. This is important for the field of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R), as physiatrists’ skills in managing chronic conditions and functional outcomes are especially relevant to an older population. The present study was designed to better understand the future PM&R workforce, by recording and analyzing the quantities of ACGME-accredited PM&R graduate medical education programs and positions between 2001-02 and 2017-18. Results indicated that PM&R graduate medical education has grown since 2001-02, especially in subspecialties such as Pediatric Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine. However, the growth in PM&R residency positions has been three-fold lower than that of total GME. In addition, sub-specialization has become increasingly prevalent, and residency positions have declined relative to the population of older adults. The future identity of PM&R will continue to develop as professional and demographic trends shape this important medical specialty.

1Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305

Correspondence to: Aldis H. Petriceks, Stanford University School of Medicine, 269 Campus Dr., CCSR 0135A, Stanford, CA 94305. Email: aldisp@stanford.edu. Phone: 650-796-0340. Fax: 650-498-5394.

Author Disclosures: The authors declare no competing interests; no funding, grants, or equipment received for this project; no financial benefits incurred from this project; and no previous presentation of this research in any form.

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