Research Article: PDF OnlyMilitary Sexual Trauma and Chronic Pain in VeteransTurner, Aaron P.1,2; Harding, Kaitlin A.1; Brier, Moriah J.1; Anderson, Derek R.1; Williams, Rhonda M.1,2Author Information 1 VA Puget Sound Health Care System 2 Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Kaitlin Harding, VA Puget Sound Health Comprehensive Pain Clinic, S-117-RCS, 1660 S. Columbian Way, Seattle, WA 98108. Email: Kaitlin.Harding@va.gov. Telephone: 206-764-2658. Fax: (206) 277-5177 This work was supported by the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (Grant # 1R01AT008336-01, awarded to Co-Principal Investigators (redacted for submission). The sponsor did not participate in study design, implementation of any part of the study, or any dissemination decisions or activities. This work was also supported in part with resources and facilities at (redacted for submission). The contents of this manuscript do not represent the views of the United States Department of Veterans Affairs or the United States Government. American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation: May 14, 2020 - Volume Publish Ahead of Print - Issue - doi: 10.1097/PHM.0000000000001469 Buy PAP Metrics Abstract Objective Chronic pain rehabilitation warrants sensitivity to unique psychosocial factors, such as trauma history. In Veterans of the United States Armed Forces, military sexual trauma (MST) is a pervasive type of trauma associated with a host of physical and psychological sequelae. A growing literature suggests a relationship between history of MST and chronic pain. This study sought to clarify the relationship between MST and chronic pain among male and female Veterans and explore whether individual factors moderate this relationship. Design Baseline survey of 328 Veterans seeking care for chronic pain via behavioral pain treatments. Results MST was reported by 31.4% of the sample and uniquely predicted pain interference. A significant interaction was found between MST and age, such that younger Veterans with a history of MST reported greater pain interference than younger Veterans with no MST. Conclusion Findings provide further evidence that the experience of MST may intensify the overall burden of chronic pain and suggest that younger Veterans with MST appear to be most vulnerable to impaired pain rehabilitation. Unique study contributions include a robust sample of women and men with elevated rates of MST and examination of MST-age relationships concurrent with chronic pain. Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.