Literature ReviewThe Essentials of Brain Anatomy for Physiatrists Magnetic Resonance Imaging FindingsChoo, Yoo Jin CPO; Boudier-Revéret, Mathieu MD; Chang, Min Cheol MDAuthor Information From the Medical Device Development Center, Daegu-Gyeongbuk Medical Innovation Foundation, Daegu, Republic of Korea (YJC); Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Centre hospitalier de l’Université de Montréal, Montreal, Québec, Canada (MB-R); and Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Daegu, Republic of Korea (MCC). All correspondence should be addressed to: Min Cheol Chang, MD, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University 317-1, Daemyungdong, Namku, Taegu, 705-717, Republic of Korea. The present study was supported by a National Research Foundation of Korea grant funded by the Korean government (grant no. NRF-2019M3E5D1A02069399). Financial disclosure statements have been obtained, and no conflicts of interest have been reported by the authors or by any individuals in control of the content of this article. Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal’s Web site (www.ajpmr.com). American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation: February 2021 - Volume 100 - Issue 2 - p 181-188 doi: 10.1097/PHM.0000000000001558 Buy SDC Metrics Abstract Detailed knowledge of the brain anatomy is important for the treatment of patients with brain disorders. In this study, we conducted a review of essential parts of human brain anatomy based on magnetic resonance imaging of the brain. Using T2-weighted brain magnetic resonance imaging, we explained how to recognize several structures in each brain lobe (the frontal, parietal, temporal, and occipital lobes). We depicted the boundary of each structure on brain magnetic resonance imaging and described their functions. The limbic system controls various functions such as emotion, motivation, behavior, memory, and olfaction. Broca’s and Wernicke’s areas and arcuate fasciculus are important structures for human language functions. Emotion, memory, and language function are one of the main functions of human. Therefore, the anatomical knowledge of the limbic system and language-related structures is important for physiatrists. We described the anatomical location and function of each substructure of the limbic system and language centers. In addition, we indicated the exact points of motor- and sensory-related neural tracts (corticospinal tract, corticoreticular pathway, medial lemniscus, and spinothalamic tract) on brain magnetic resonance imaging. We believe that our review on brain anatomy would be helpful for physiatrists to accurately identify the damage of each function from brain disorders and elucidate proper plan for rehabilitative treatment. Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.