Literature ReviewsPaucity of Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Rehabilitation of Burn SurvivorsGerber, Lynn H. MD; Deshpande, Rati MBBS; Prabhakar, Shruthi BS; Cai, Cindy PhD; Garfinkel, Steven PhD; Pomeroy, J. Mary Louise MPH; Esselman, Peter MD, MPT; Schneider, Jeffrey MDAuthor Information From the Center for the Study of Chronic Illness and Disability, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia (LHG, SP, JMLP); Beatty Center for Study of Liver Disease, Department of Medicine, Inova Health System, Falls Church, Virginia (LHG, RD); American Institutes for Research, Arlington, Virginia (CC); American Institutes for Research, Chapel Hill, North Carolina (SG); Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington (PE); and Department of Rehabilitation, Spaulding Hospital, Charlestown, Massachusetts (JS). All correspondence should be addressed to: Lynn H. Gerber, MD, Center for the Study of Chronic Illness and Disability, George Mason University, 4400 University Drive, MS 1B7, Fairfax, VA 22030. Funded through a subcontract to Inova Health System from the American Institutes for Research, supported by NIDILRR Federal grants 90DP0082, 90DPBU0001, and 90DPBU0004. An abstract of this work was submitted in September 2019 to the 14th ISPRM World Congress for consideration of acceptance in their 2020 conference. The opinions expressed in this manuscript reflect the views of the individual authors and not their institutions or the federal government. Financial disclosure statements have been obtained, and no conflicts of interest have been reported by the authors or by any individuals in control of the content of this article. American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation: August 2020 - Volume 99 - Issue 8 - p 739-751 doi: 10.1097/PHM.0000000000001442 Buy Metrics Abstract Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) provide an efficient route from research to practice because they follow a prescribed, vetted process for evidence collection. CPGs offer underserved fields, such as burn rehabilitation, an accessible approach to reliable treatment. A literature search was performed using the terms “Burns AND CPGs AND Rehabilitation.” Three reviewers determined whether guideline development followed an established vetting process. “Rehabilitation” required evidence of treatment to improve, maintain, or restore human function and provide treatment to facilitate recovery. Only 160 articles were obtained and, after adding the term “functional outcome,” 62 remained for full-text review, of which 21 were eligible. When articles were scored for inclusion of both rehabilitation AND function or functional outcome AND guideline vetting, seven articles remained. One was community based. Nine articles had no recorded vetting process but addressed rehabilitation as an outcome. There is a paucity of CPGs relevant to clinical rehabilitation for burn survivors, likely a result of very few published intervention trials, rare randomized controlled trials addressing rehabilitation, absence of data to establish an evidence base for practice recommendations, an inadequate number of community-based intervention trials, and little patient input. It is likely that rehabilitation of burn survivors will improve if more people gain skills in meeting the needs of people with burn injury. An increase in trained professionals may lead to an increase in intervention trials and research to establish evidence for CPGs. People engaged in burn research have an opportunity to devise a systematic, generally agreed-upon approach toward evaluating burn patients and treatment outcomes that will permit data sharing across the world and assess patients throughout the acute and chronic phases of burn injury. Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.