Literature ReviewConservative Treatment of Tendon InjuriesYang, Shu-Mei MD; Chen, Wen-Shiang MD, PhDAuthor Information From the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. All correspondence should be addressed to: Wen-Shiang Chen, MD, PhD, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Taiwan University Hospital, No.7, Zhongshan S Rd, Zhongzheng District, Taipei City 100, Taiwan. Shu-Mei Yang is in training. Financial disclosure statements have been obtained, and no conflicts of interest have been reported by the authors or by any individuals in control of the content of this article. Online date: November 11, 2019 American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation: June 2020 - Volume 99 - Issue 6 - p 550-557 doi: 10.1097/PHM.0000000000001345 Buy Metrics Abstract Tendon injuries or tendinopathy is a common painful and disabling conditions resulting from overuse and aging. Tendinopathy remains a challenging clinical problem because response to different treatment modalities is usually unsatisfactory and recovery is slow. We performed an extensive literature review focusing on nonsurgical treatment options for tendinopathies, including nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, corticosteroid, eccentric exercise, extracorporeal shock wave therapy, therapeutic ultrasound, hyaluronic acid, platelet-rich plasma, prolotherapy, polydeoxyribonucleotide, and stem cells, aimed at providing the most updated evidence as a guideline for caregivers. Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.