Literature ReviewClinical Tests of the Shoulder Accuracy and Extension Using Dynamic UltrasoundChang, Ke-Vin MD, PhD; Wu, Wei-Ting MD; Hsu, Po-Cheng MD; Lew, Henry L. MD, PhD; Özçakar, Levent MDAuthor Information From the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Taiwan University Hospital, BeiHu Branch and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan (K-VC, W-TW, P-CH); Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, School of Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia (HLL); University of Hawaii School of Medicine, Honolulu, Hawaii (HLL); and Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Hacettepe University Medical School, Ankara, Turkey (LÖ). All correspondence should be addressed to: Ke-Vin Chang, MD, PhD, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Taiwan University Hospital, Bei-Hu Branch and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, No. 87 Neijiang St, Wanhua District, Taipei 108, Taiwan. Financial disclosure statements have been obtained, and no conflicts of interest have been reported by the authors or by any individuals in control of the content of this article. Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal’s Web site (www.ajpmr.com). Online date: October 4, 2019 American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation: February 2020 - Volume 99 - Issue 2 - p 161-169 doi: 10.1097/PHM.0000000000001311 Buy SDC Metrics Abstract Shoulder pain is a common musculoskeletal disorder that has a significant impact on the patient’s quality of life and functional health. Because the shoulder joint is a complex structure, the relevant symptoms of shoulder pain may not directly reflect the underlying pathology. Hence, several shoulder tests have been developed to examine shoulder problems, and their diagnostic accuracy varies. Familiarization with the performance of those physical tests and their strength and limitation are of utmost importance for physicians dealing with shoulder disorders. Therefore, the present narrative review focuses on summarizing the most commonly used tests in physical examination and their diagnostic performance on several shoulder pathologies. This article also discusses how ultrasound imaging can serve as an extension of those tests. Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.