Ultrasound imaging has several advantages that include the absence of radiation, portability, excellent resolution of neuromuscular structures, and the ability to perform dynamic examinations. Traumatic muscle injury can be comprehensively evaluated using static, dynamic, and Doppler ultrasound imaging. In the present review, we briefly discuss mechanisms of traumatic muscle injury, present ultrasound images of normal muscles, focus on ultrasound assessment of injured muscles, and concisely discuss treatment and rehabilitation options for muscle injuries.
From the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Taiwan University Hospital, BeiHu Branch and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan (K-VC, W-TW); and Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Hacettepe University Medical School, Ankara, Turkey (LÖ).
All correspondence should be addressed to: Levent Özçakar, MD, Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Hacettepe University Medical School, Sihhiye, 06100, Ankara, Turkey.
Financial disclosure statements have been obtained, and no conflicts of interest have been reported by the authors or by any individuals in control of the content of this article.
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Online date: August 30, 2019